Sexually Transmitted Infections affect people of all ages and all economic levels. The last few years witnessed a drastic increase in the incidence of STDs all over the world. But another strange and alarming aspect concerning this increase is the fact that teenagers account for nearly half of the 20 million new victims of STDs every year. According to the STD testing in LA, one in every 4 of sexually active girls below the age of 25 ends up contracting any kind of STD. The Centre for Disease Control estimates that, youth only make up one third of the sexually driven population; however, over half of them are showing signs of STDs in the United States every year. It is pathetic to see that, the future generation are deterring their productivity due to over-exploitation of sex and pleasure. This proves that screening for STDs is critical. Recently a research was conducted in UK and published in the website https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/sexually-transmitted-infections-stis-surveillance-data-screening-and-management revealing that most of the teenage cases of STDs have multiple sex partners during their lives. The heavy toll on young people with STDs eventually results in infertility and even death too.
Most of Sexually Transmitted Diseases do not have initial symptoms, or are symptomless throughout the period of infection. They can be contagious even to the embryo inside the womb, causing pelvic inflammation leading to tubular pregnancy or infertility. In women, some strains can even cause cervical cancers due to HPV infection. It can easily be transmitted from mother to baby during or after birth. There are fewer chances for new-born babies to be successfully treated. Passive skin to skin contact can also lead to STD and you don’t have to go for any oral or vaginal sex to get it.
Youth are more prone to sexual infections due to many reasons. Young women have bodies that are biologically more prone to STDs. They do not go for the recommended tests for screening STDs and are less likely to be honest even when they go for a check-up. Negligence and an easy-going attitude are the other disturbing factors among youngsters. Access to testing centres may be limited for some of the cases too. Careful methods are adopted to control its spread further. Many of them are curable and some can be treated efficiently. Use of alcohol or drugs increase the chance of getting STDs since people do not care using safety measures under its influence. Unprotected sex can have detrimental effects on people with STDs. If proper care and treatment are not taken into concern, it can cause even death.
Education and counselling have to be adopted as a means to control and prevent STDs. Evaluation can be of addressing major strategies of sexual health. That means, in a nutshell this can be described in 5 P’s: Partners, Prevention of pregnancy, Protection from STDs, Practices, and Past history of STDs. Addressing this information with patients creates an opportunity for physicians to provide counselling and education while taking into account each patient’s individual risk factors and goals.